Gastric bypass, one of the surgical treatments of obesity, is one of the most popular and reliable methods. In the operation called mini gastric bypass, a significant part of the stomach is bypassed. Gastric bypass surgery provides an effective weight loss as it is both a restrictive and absorption-reducing operation, a absorption of a part of the intestine reduces the absorption of proteins and other nutrients in addition to the effective weight loss of the patient, resulting in important results in metabolic diseases. The new stomach, which consists of gastric bypass technique and is called pouch, is smaller than the old gastric volume, so the patient is ensured to consume little nutrients in quantity. In addition, it is aimed to lose effective weight by creating a malabsorption effect with less absorption of nutrients with small stomach pouch.
The operation performed with laparoscopic surgery technique provides great comfort to the patient after the operation. Laparoscopic method minimizes complications as well as reduces pain after operation. Gastric bypass surgery is a short and effortless operation thanks to laparoscopic method.
The first stage of gastric bypass operations is to shrink the stomach. The stomach is divided into two by operation, and the small part of the volume is now actively used. The active part of the stomach is roughly the size of walnuts. Therefore, patients are quickly saturated during meals and thus do not get many calories.
The second stage of gastric bypass operation is to remove part of the small intestine from the digestive tract and shorten the absorption pathway of nutrients. The small incision of the stomach, which is active, is attached to the second part, bypassing the first part of the small intestine. Therefore, the food taken first passes to this small incision of the stomach and from there to the second part of the small intestine. As a result, after surgery, a very large part of the stomach and the first part of the intestine are physiologically removed from the digestive tract. Thanks to the small stomach, the patient consumes less food and the body is intended to absorb fewer calories, since part of the small intestine is bypassed, which helps the patient to lose weight both anatomically and metabolically.